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Abstract Detail

Systematics Section/ASPT

Granados Mendoza, Carolina [1], Wanke, Stefan [2], Salomo, Karsten [2], Goetghebeur, Paul [1], Samain, Marie-Stéphanie [1].

Application of the phylogenetic informativeness method to chloroplast markers: A test case of closely related species in tribe Hydrangeeae (Hydrangeaceae).

In evolutionary biology appropriate marker selection for the reconstruction of solid phylogenetic hypotheses is fundamental. One of the most challenging tasks addresses the appropriate choice of genomic regions in studies of closely related species. Robust phylogenetic frameworks are central to studies dealing with questions ranging from evolutionary and conservation biology, biogeography to plant breeding. Phylogenetic informativeness profiles provide a quantitative measure of the phylogenetic signal in markers and therefore a method for locus prioritization. The present work profiles phylogenetic informativeness of mostly non-coding chloroplast regions in an angiosperm lineage of closely related species: the popular ornamental tribe Hydrangeeae (Hydrangeaceae, Cornales, Asterids). A recent phylogenetic study denoted a case of resolution contrast between the two strongly supported clades within tribe Hydrangeeae. We evaluate the phylogenetic signal of 13 highly variable plastid markers for estimating relationships within and among the currently recognized monophyletic groups of this tribe. A selection of combined loci based on their phylogenetic informativeness retrieved more robust phylogenetic hypotheses than simply combining individual markers performing best with respect to resolution, nodal support and accuracy or those presenting the highest number of parsimony informative characters. We propose the rpl32-ndhF intergenic spacer (IGS), trnV-ndhC IGS, trnL-rpl32 IGS, psbT-petB region and ndhA intron as the best candidates for future phylogenetic studies in Hydrangeeae and potentially in other Asterids. We also contrasted the phylogenetic informativeness of coded indels against substitutions concluding that, despite their low phylogenetic informativeness, coded indels provide additional phylogenetic signal that is nearly free of noise. Phylogenetic relationships obtained from our total combined analyses showed improved resolution and nodal support with respect to recently published results.

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Related Links:
Research Group Spermatophytes. Hydrangeaceae research

1 - Ghent University, Department of Biology, Research Group Spermatophytes, K.L. Ledeganckstraat 35, Gent, 9000, Belgium
2 - Technische Universität Dresden, Department of Biology, Institut für Botanik, Zellescher Weg 20b, Dresden, 01062, Germany

Coded indels
Nodal support
Phylogenetic signal

Presentation Type: Poster:Posters for Sections
Session: P
Location: Grand Salon A - D/Riverside Hilton
Date: Monday, July 29th, 2013
Time: 5:30 PM
Number: PSY010
Abstract ID:70
Candidate for Awards:None

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